Selected ratios and metrics

€ millions 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
EBITDA 592 508 427 149 86
Net Debt/EBITDA 2.7 2.8 2.8 6.5 3.5

2017 - 2019: Key consolidated entities: SAZKA a.s. and OPAP SA. Both the Austrian assets and LOTTOITALIA S.r.l. are accounted for using the equity method.

2016: Key consolidated entities: SAZKA a.s. and OPAP SA (entered consolidation on 6 October 2016). The Austrian assets are accounted for using the equity method (entered consolidation on 7 December 2016). LOTTOITALIA S.r.l. is also accounted for using the equity method and its operations started on 30 November 2016.

2015: Key consolidated entities: SAZKA a.s.

EBITDA
€ millions
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Net Debt/EBITDA
3
2
1
0